Workforce

‘Smart…industrious – they just took a wrong path’

Co-founder of The Last Mile talks about discovering potential behind bars – and how Kansas became one of the first expansion locations

When a friend invited Silicon Valley venture capitalist Chris Redlitz to come to San Quentin to talk to inmates about entrepreneurship in 2010, he almost said ‘no.’

But what he found inside the prison about 30 miles north of San Francisco surprised him.

Chris Redlitz The Last Mile inside San Quentin State prison
Chris Redlitz, Venture Capitalist, Co-Founder The Last Mile, inside the walls of San Quentin State Prison (Photo courtesy of The Last Mile)

“I was really struck by their interest, their preparation, their genuine desire to create a better life,” Redlitz said.

He was used to working with entrepreneurs in the early stages of developing their businesses.

“I saw a lot of the same look in the people in prison,” he said. “Many of them are very smart and industrious. They just took a wrong path.”

Redlitz and his wife, Beverly Parenti, made a commitment to assist some of the inmates with their ventures, and out of that grew The Last Mile, a non-profit organization offering coding and technology training to inmates in prisons around the U.S.

Since its launch in 2010, The Last Mile is now being used in fifteen prisons in five states and has 19 classrooms in those prisons.

“We’d love to be in 50 classrooms,” Redlitz said.

Kansas was among the earliest states to embrace the program, launching it at Topeka Correctional Facility in January 2019. Women’s prisons in Indiana and Oklahoma are utilizing The Last Mile as well.

“So far, it’s been phenomenally successful,” Redlitz said. “This idea of public/private partnerships, we’re a classic example of that.

“We’re proving that, regardless of someone’s background, if they have the desire and commitment to learning, they can be great employees. We’re showing that it’s not unrealistic to raise the bar on expectations.

It really is a true pathway to employment. It’s a second chance.”

The impact stretches far beyond providing work for inmates, Redlitz said. Coding can be a well-paying career, creating “generational change,” he said.

That can lift families out of poverty and reduce the risk of parolees returning to a life of crime.

“The money we’re saving through the reduction of recidivism can be redirected” to other programs,” he said.

“You can’t quantify the downstream effect of what one person can bring to their community,” he said. “We’re seeing it in our own graduates and the directions of their families.”

“We’re proving that, regardless of someone’s background, if they have the desire and commitment to learning, they can be great employees. We’re showing that it’s not unrealistic to raise the bar on expectations.

It really is a true pathway to employment. It’s a second chance.”

Chris Redlitz, Venture Capitalist, Co-founder The Last Mile

The graduates also bring diversity to Silicon Valley companies and tech companies elsewhere at a time when the industry is awakening to that need, Redlitz said.

Making adjustments to the product as it’s tested are part of any start-up, he said, and The Last Mile was no exception. The program has evolved a lot since its early days and students have had to adapt to the changes.

“I give Kansas students a lot of credit,” Redlitz said. “Whenever you’re early on, you have to be flexible.”

The Last Mile participants reviewing a recent project
The Last Mile coders and programmers reviewing their coding projects

The students at Topeka have adapted well as the program has evolved, he said. Recent additions include a live touchpoint with each class once a week and a live help desk to which a student can submit questions.

“Some of the best-performing students in our entire network are in Kansas,” Redlitz said.

‘A good investment’

Redlitz credits Harold Sass, chief information officer for the Kansas Department of Corrections, with being a driving force behind bringing The Last Mile to Topeka.

“He was very, very motivated to get the program going” in Kansas, Redlitz said.


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Prisoners in Topeka coding a brighter future for themselves 


Sass attended an event hosted by The Last Mile to spread the word about the program and came away impressed.

The Kansas Department of Corrections found The Last Mile appealing because research shows that offenders who achieve livable wage employment after release lower their recidivism by 6 to 22 percent, said Rebecca Witte, public information officer for KDOC.

“We have many partners across the state who help us train our inmates in a number of different fields, but The Last Mile has been able to provide us with our first computer coding program,” Witte said. “One of the industries vital to a strong Kansas economy is computer science” and that field has critical employment needs.

“Training returning offenders in this industry increases their ability to achieve sustained livable wage employment,” she said.

Coding jobs aren’t minimum wage, earn-just-enough-to-get-by jobs, either, officials say, which means former inmates have an opportunity to build a better financial future for themselves and their families.

“One of the industries vital to a strong Kansas economy is computer science.”

Rebecca Witte, Public Information Officer, Kansas Department of Corrections

“The coding program has been a good investment,” Witte said. “None of the students in our first class had any experience with computer coding and the instructors were patient and flexible with our students, as they were eager to learn.”

As other inmates have seen what those in the coding class have been able to accomplish, interest in the class has grown. About twice as many inmates applied to take part in the second coding class as the first, officials said.


Author Credits | Stan Finger | @StanFinger | Stan is an award-winning journalist who twice earned nominations for the Pulitzer Prize over the course of a distinguished career at the Wichita Eagle. A native Kansan who grew up on a farm in central Kansas, Finger has also written two books: Into the Deep, a look at the deadly flash flood in the Flint Hills in 2003, and the novel Fallen Trees.

Photo Credits | Jeff Tuttle | Website | Jeff is a native Kansan from Augusta and a Kansas State University graduate. He married his high school sweetheart Laura, and they have two children, Erin and Zach and a handsome Cardigan Welsh corgi, Wembley. He is a former newspaper photographer with a 25-career at The Herald, Jasper, Indiana, and the Wichita Eagle, Wichita, Kansas. He is currently a freelance photojournalist in Wichita.

Prisoners in Topeka coding a brighter future for themselves

They spend all day studying coding, learning new languages and the intricacies of developing successful websites, hoping one day to land lucrative jobs in the tech industry.

But when they walk out the door of the classroom, these 12 women don’t head home to a cozy apartment or shaded house on a residential street.

Their yard is ringed not by a picket fence, but by a tall mesh enclosure bearing razor wire both at the summit and ground level.

Some of these students will be calling Topeka Correctional Facility home for only a few more months. Others will be here for many more years.

All of them, however, see coding as a fresh start, a ray of hope in a life that landed them behind bars.

“This experience has been very uplifting, just knowing we have a future outside of here,” said Brittney Betzold, 28, who was convicted of child abuse and second-degree murder and is eligible for parole in 2023.

Betzold and her classmates will formally graduate from the prison’s first coding class on Feb. 28. A second class of 15 inmates will begin in March.

“This experience has been very uplifting, just knowing we have a future outside of here.”

Brittany Betzold, The Last Mile, coder, programmer

The women’s prison in Topeka is the first in Kansas to work with The Last Mile, a non-profit organization that works with inmates at men’s, women’s, and young adult correctional facilities around the country to help them build relevant skills in technology so that they can more easily transition to productive employment once they are out of prison.

Launched in 2010 at San Quentin in California, The Last Mile has thus far expanded to Kansas and three other states.

“Being able to bring a high-tech computer coding program to our offenders at Topeka Correctional Facility has been extremely valuable,” said Rebecca Witte, public information officer for the Kansas Department of Corrections. “The coding program has given KDOC the opening to collaborate with numerous tech companies to build pathways into employment for graduates of the program.”


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“Smart…Industrious. They just took a wrong path.”


A ‘transformation’ for inmates

Where the inmates are as they prepare to graduate compared to where they were as the class began is nothing short of amazing, said Kelly Potter, Contract Manager of Education for the Kansas Department of Corrections, who oversees inmate education programs.

Potter called it “a transformation.”

“These ladies support each other,” she said. “They’re a team. They help each other to be successful. These are women you typically wouldn’t see talking to each other on the grounds.”

The Last Mile program participants improve relationships

Inmates chosen for the program had to have a clean disciplinary record for the past year and pass an essay test, a logic test and a face-to-face interview, Potter said. They also have to have a G.E.D. or high school diploma.

Those are difficult hurdles for many inmates, said Brett Young, who is a programming, web design and technology instructor for Greenbush, the Southeast Kansas Education Service Center. Greenbush works with Topeka Correctional Facility in providing education opportunities for inmates.

More than half of the inmates coming through the prison’s reception and diagnostic unit don’t have a high school diploma, Young said, and inmates with a history of drug use struggle to focus.

Along with the extensive array of tests they must pass, Potter and Young say, inmates vying for a seat in the coding class have to take responsibility for why they are in prison.

“As an employer, I don’t want to be sitting across the table from somebody and they’re blaming the system, they’re blaming everybody (else) why they were incarcerated,” Potter told the group during a recent class. “You all took ownership and that’s important.”

Five of the inmates in the class will be released from prison in 2020. Three plan to move to the Kansas City area, where they can expect to be in high demand. There are an estimated 3,500 tech jobs available in the Kansas City area.

One of the mission pillars for Flagship Kansas is supporting workforce training and education programs. Flagship is working to help connect inmates who have graduated from The Last Mile with tech jobs near where they’ll be living and working in Kansas once they’re released.

“As an employer, I don’t want to be sitting across the table from somebody and they’re blaming the system, they’re blaming everybody (else) why they were incarcerated.”

Kelly Potter, Contract Manager of Education, Kansas Department of Corrections

A number of potential employers, including Koch Industries, will have representatives at the graduation ceremonies later this month.

‘Never touched a computer’

Rebecca Beach had “never touched a computer” before being accepted into the class and admitted she “went home crying a lot” early in the class.

“I did not know how hard it was going to be to learn it,” said Beach, 42, who may be released in July providing her parole is approved after serving 20 years for convictions of first-degree murder and attempted second-degree murder in the shooting of two people during a drug deal in Wyandotte County in 2000.

But now she likens coding to “decorating a house.”

”I deserve this and I want this,” said Beach, who plans to settle in the Kansas City area upon her release.

Beach wasn’t alone with her early struggles in the class.

“I really didn’t know what I was getting myself into, but I absolutely love it,” said Megan Asebedo, 28, who will return home to Garden City upon her release from prison later this year.

She was convicted in 2015 on two drug charges and aggravated child endangerment.

‘A magical thing’

Michelle Voorhees knew little about the Internet when she heard about The Last Mile program, let alone coding.

“The internet was this kind of magical thing that I’d never given any thought process to how it gets to people,” she said. “I thought it was on a satellite or something.”

Voorhees was 21 when she was convicted of second-degree murder, aggravated arson and aggravated burglary in connection with the smoke inhalation death of a 36-year-old woman in a house in Chanute. During her trial, prosecutors said Voorhees and her boyfriend went to the house to retrieve property stolen from Voorhees. They then ran out of the house after her boyfriend placed a pipe bomb on a mattress and lit the fuse. The bomb didn’t explode, but it set fire to the house.

Voorhees is 28 now and won’t be eligible for release until 2033.

The Last Mile student explaining programming

“A real fear for me is I’m going to be 42 years old (when released), out of workforce 20-plus years, I will have no Social Security credits earned, no nest egg, my children will probably have (my) grandchildren, I will have financial responsibilities,” she said. “That’s terrifying. That’s so scary to think that you’re going to be released from prison in your 40s and have nothing.

“So any opportunity I had, I grabbed onto.”

Inmates have other opportunities to earn wages while in prison, such as making cabinets or building mattresses, for what amounts to the minimum wage.

“But that’s not a career,” Voorhees said. “I don’t want to be working at Walmart at 65. That sounds awful. The skill set that we’re being exposed to in here is invaluable.”

A native of southeast Kansas, Voorhees comes “from a long line of poverty, addiction and lack of education.”

That history is so pervasive in her family, Voorhees said, that her younger sister is the first in her family to graduate from high school.

“Ambition isn’t really taught at a small community” like the one she grew up in, “especially when drugs are part of it. Their idea of a dream job is working in a refinery.”

Voorhees had been in and out of foster care since she was a small child, dropped out of school at a young age and had two children by the time she was 17. Complications related to those pregnancies led to difficult surgeries and a resulting opioid addiction “that blossomed into an addiction of everything,” she said.

“It’s a really insidious thing,” Voorhees said of opioid addiction.

“I was kind of thrown off the road I needed to be on to succeed and this program has given me an amazing opportunity to be on that road,” Voorhees said. “I had what it took to be able to succeed. I just didn’t have the resources I needed to do that.”

The coding class “really helped me understand what I was capable of,” she said.

But it didn’t come easy at first.

“There’s so much to learn,” she said. “It’s like drinking the ocean in there.”

Prison to open a dev shop

Potter called Voorhees a prime example of how The Last Mile can transform lives.

“If she were to get out tomorrow, she could be making six figures” because of her skill level, communication style and capabilities, Potter said.

“She will have so much to offer moving forward with this,” Potter said. “She minimizes the stereotype of what an offender looks like.”

Once the first class graduates, Witte said, a development shop will be opened inside the prison. The state will employ several of the new graduates to build and develop content for other state agencies.

“This will give the incarcerated ladies more opportunities to continue building on the skills they learned through The Last Mile, making them more marketable to employers upon their return to their communities,” Witte said.

Some of the income that inmates earn as coders will go toward the cost of room and board as well as any restitution, fines, fees and child support. The rest will be set aside in a savings account that they can take with them upon their release.

Prison ‘the best thing that ever happened to me’

The Last Mile program has Shecora Clanton dreaming, too.

She wants to be an entrepreneur and already has four different businesses she wants to start when she is released next year.

“It might sound far-fetched, but going to prison was the best thing that ever happened to me,” said Clanton, who is now 40.

Clanton was convicted of first-degree murder and conspiracy to commit murder in the 2001 death of a woman who was attacked, stabbed and then run over by a rental truck. A Kansas Supreme Court ruling stated Clanton’s boyfriend was convinced the victim was involved in the death of his sister and wanted to kill her in retaliation.

“If I hadn’t come to prison, I could have been dead,” Clanton said. “My life would really have been messed up.

“I have changed dramatically” in prison. “My mindset, my thought process, the people I hang around with, the things that I’m doing here now…I’m determined to do great things when I get out. When I was out on the street, I wasn’t like that.”

No student in the class may have made greater strides with her confidence between her first day and her graduation, Potter said, calling her growth “amazing.”

“I had to learn how to figure it out on my own, instead of being shown or told how to do it,” said Clanton, who was reduced to tears as she described her journey. “I really struggled with that.”

She also learned it’s okay to ask for help – something she wouldn’t do out on the street.

The Last Mile programmers reviewing their projects

Brittany Leija, 26, will be released early in 2021 after serving more than two years for convictions of burglary and aggravated battery. When she first arrived in Topeka, “I had a sense of failure and ‘Dang, this is it – my life is over,’” she said. “It was really discouraging.”

But as she read self-help books, her outlook improved. Her emotional intelligence grew, she said, and she developed empathy for others.

“It not only changed my mindset, it changed my vocabulary as well,” Leija said. “I can still be great regardless of the circumstance I’m in.”

The coding class has been a revelation for her as well, she said.

“I discovered how much I love to learn – the little victories of, ‘if that doesn’t work, keep trying and getting it right eventually,’” Leija said. “The sky’s the limit. If I can learn this, then I can learn anything if I set my mind on it and stay focused on it.”

Believing in themselves

Perhaps the most valuable lessons and skills gleaned from the coding course, Nicole Zuspann said, are ones that don’t necessarily show up on a test form.

“The soft skills, as well as the learning to take that creative, constructive criticism with a smile on your face and say, ‘OK, let me try it your way and see how that works,’” said Zuspann, 47, whose extensive criminal history includes forgery and theft.

She’s scheduled to be released later this year.

“I’m going to leave here an unstoppable force. I’m absolutely going to be successful.”

Michelle Vorhees, The Last Mile, coder, programmer

“Every single person in this room has a different way to get to the exact same spot where we’re supposed to be,” Zuspann said of the coding class. “Communication skills have become absolutely necessary in this classroom.”

Like many in the class, Zuspann says she’s “reinventing” herself to give her a better chance of succeeding once she’s released from prison.

The first graduating class of The Last Mile in Topeka Kansas
The first graduating class of The Last Mile program in Topeka, Kansas

Tiplance Walker plans to set up a website to help inmates with that transition back into society once she’s released in 2026.

“I want to make a networking community for ex-felons where we can encourage one another,” said Walker, 35, who was convicted of second-degree murder and two counts of child endangerment in the 2015 death of a woman following an argument at a party in south Wichita.

The Last Mile “is the first program that I did (while incarcerated) that gave me the opportunity to think about where I would be in the future as far as a career and as a mother that provides for her children.”

Tiplance Walker, The Last Mile, coder, programmer

Like Leija, Walker has shifted her mindset in prison.

“How can I maximize this time to my full potential, utilizing the resources that are available here?” she asked.

The Last Mile “is the first program that I did (while incarcerated) that gave me the opportunity to think about where I would be in the future as far as a career and as a mother that provides for her children,” she said.

For all they have learned, inmates said, the takeaway they value most from The Last Mile program is something that’s difficult to quantify: a belief in themselves.

“I’m going to leave here an unstoppable force,” Voorhees said. “I’m absolutely going to be successful.”


Author Credits | Stan Finger | @StanFinger | Stan is an award-winning journalist who twice earned nominations for the Pulitzer Prize over the course of a distinguished career at the Wichita Eagle. A native Kansan who grew up on a farm in central Kansas, Finger has also written two books: Into the Deep, a look at the deadly flash flood in the Flint Hills in 2003, and the novel Fallen Trees.

Photo Credits | Jeff Tuttle | Website | Jeff is a native Kansan from Augusta and a Kansas State University graduate. He married his high school sweetheart Laura, and they have two children, Erin and Zach and a handsome Cardigan Welsh corgi, Wembley. He is a former newspaper photographer with a 25-career at The Herald, Jasper, Indiana, and the Wichita Eagle, Wichita, Kansas. He is currently a freelance photojournalist in Wichita.

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